Liaoning plans to introduce local regulations for comprehensive management of mines
Recently, the Liaoning Provincial Government Executive Council reviewed and approved the "Regulations on Comprehensive Mine Management in Liaoning Province (Draft)" (hereinafter referred to as the "Bill"), and submitted it to the Standing Committee of the Provincial People's Congress for deliberation.
According to the State's Mineral Resources Law, Safety Production Law, Environmental Protection Law and other more than 10 laws and administrative regulations, as well as relevant regulations of the State Ministry, the Bill refers to Liaoning's relevant local regulations and experience of other provinces. Provisions for comprehensive management of mines in the “Minmetals Co-governance”of reduction, mining transformation, mining and enterprise safety, mine ecology, and mining area stability are required.
By the end of 2017, there were 3,219 non-coal mines in Liaoning Province. Small mines accounted for nearly 90% of the total number of mines in the province. The spatial layout was scattered and the scale benefits were poor. The mining industry needed to be transformed and upgraded. The remaining products of mineral products coexist, the industrial chain is short, the level of industrial development is low, the level of technology, process and equipment transformation of mining enterprises is low, and the “three rates”of mineral resources (mining recovery rate, ore recovery rate, comprehensive utilization rate) are generally not high.
In view of the status quo, the Bill has made specific provisions on the optimization of mining structure in light of the actual situation in Liaoning Province: Encourage the municipal and county governments to develop resource deep processing industries based on the advantages of mineral resources, and coordinate and develop synergistically with mining enterprises to promote the new national model of Liaoning. Construction of raw material bases; Encourage enterprises with strong capital and advanced technology to integrate and reorganize resources for mines with backward equipment, low technological content, low comprehensive utilization level, potential safety hazards and emissions that are not up to standard; new, expanded and rebuilt mine projects should conform to the state Provisions related to ecological protection, mineral resources planning and industrial policies.
In recent years, some mining enterprises have failed to implement the main responsibility for safety production, safety production conditions are not up to standard, safety measures and safety investment guarantees are not in place, safety education and training are lacking, and the problem of “three violations”is more prominent, and production safety accidents are frequent and frequent. Not effectively curbed.
In order to fully implement the main responsibility of the safety production of mining enterprises, strengthen the comprehensive rectification of key areas, and effectively curb production safety accidents, the "Bills" stipulate that mining enterprises should establish a dual prevention mechanism for safety risk grading management and hidden dangers, and implement safety risk grading management and implementation. Produce safety and accident hazard investigation and control system, adopt technology and management measures, and timely discover and eliminate hidden dangers; emergency management, natural resources, development and reform, industry and information, and ecological environment shall formulate tailings in accordance with relevant national and provincial regulations. According to the division of responsibilities, the comprehensive management plan of the reservoir will be based on the “head bank”, tailings ponds, abandoned reservoirs, dangerous reservoirs and dangerous reservoirs in important water source protection areas, and the tailings ponds in this area will be treated.
In addition, the "Bill" also focuses on the prevention and control of mine pollution and the restoration of geological environment. It establishes an environmental protection responsibility system, and stipulates that mining enterprises that discharge pollutants are responsible for environmental protection and pollution prevention, and discharge pollutants. Responsibility for the behavior and environmental pollution and ecological damage caused; establish a monitoring mechanism for mine geological environment, stipulate that the competent department of natural resources should establish a monitoring system for mine geological environment within its administrative region, improve the monitoring network, and dynamically monitor the geological environment of the mine; It is forbidden to cause new damage to the ecological environment around the recovery area during the mine protection and treatment recovery process, and encourage enterprises, social groups or individuals to invest in the restoration and restoration of the geological environment of closed or abandoned mines.